Webinar to discuss MarRINav project results In 2018 the first-ever European Radionavigation Plan said “It is recognized that [..] GNSS should not be the sole source of PNT information. Alternative PNT systems, not necessarily using radio frequencies, should thus be put in place where the criticality of the application requires it.” Graphic from MarRINav report showing system of systems approach to PNT resilience and reliability. (Image: Resilient Navigation and Timing Foundation) In 2019 the European Space Agency (ESA) published a permanent open call for proposals for positioning, navigation, and timing studies and systems, including those that had nothing to do with space. One of the first fruits of this is the ESA-funded Maritime Resilience and Integrity of Navigation project, or MarRINav, recently completed by researchers in the United Kingdom. “Maritime navigation and port operations are critical for almost every nation,” said Jonathan Turner, one of the MarRINav project team. “As an island nation with a strong maritime heritage, we in the United Kingdom perhaps have an even greater appreciation of this.” Turner is co-founder of the blue economy solutions company NLA International, which led a team of eight organizations cooperating on the project. While MarRINav focused its analysis on the United Kingdom, the intent was to provide information, and an analysis framework, that could also be used by other nations. Maritime is one of sectors most dependent upon GNSS, according to the project reports, and a sector with great awareness of GNSS vulnerabilities and their consequences. MarRINav concludes that integrity and resilience are two of the most important parameters for maritime navigation. Maritime is also one of the sectors most ready to integrate space and terrestrial navigation systems, according to the report’s authors. The International Maritime Organization has already introduced a performance standard for a multi-system receiver, or MSR, that will incorporate a wide variety of navigation signals. Despite the distractions of Brexit over the last four years, the United Kingdom has been particularly focused on its vulnerability to GNSS outages. A 2017 London Economics report concluded that a five day GNSS outage would cost the nation at least $1.3B per day. It cited eLoran and Satelles as likely parts of the solution. The Government Office for Science released a Blackett Review of critical dependencies on GNSS in 2018. In February of this year the UK government announced it was establishing a virtual National Timing Centre to protect the nation from the risk of GNSS failure, and in March the final MarRINav report was published. Among the project’s findings are that: The United Kingdom needs a comprehensive maritime PNT architecture with multiple, diverse sources to ensure continuity of maritime operations Such a “hybrid solution” could benefit other sectors, especially if non-maritime needs were considered early in the design New PNT systems should be terrestrial and sovereign Establishing such a system for the UK has a very positive benefit to cost ratio Important aspects of the new architecture are E-GNSS (Galileo and EGNOS), Enhanced Loran (eLoran) and the Ranging Mode (R-Mode) of the VHF Data Exchange System (VDES), and complemented by the development of a specific Maritime Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (M-RAIM) algorithm. LOCATA or a similar local positioning system should be implemented at UK ports to provide a backup for container operations. Satelles Satellite Time and Location may have potential, but its utility has yet to be demonstrated for maritime. The Royal Institute of Navigation and the Resilient Navigation and Timing Foundation are partnering to present a Webinar about MarRINav on the 25th of June. Register here for “When GNSS Fails, What Will You Do? – MarRINav!” All the MarRINav project reports are available.
gps jammer why should i makeThis noise is mixed with tuning(ramp) signal which tunes the radio frequency transmitter to cover certain frequencies,phihong psa65u-120 ac adapter 12vdc 5a 4 pin molex 100-240vac sw,sanyo 51a-2824 ac travel adapter 9vdc 100ma used 2 x 5.5 x 10mm.the third one shows the 5-12 variable voltage,fsp nb65 fsp065-aac ac adapter 19v dc 3.42a ibm laptop power sup,kingshen mobile network jammer 16 bands highp power 38w adjustable desktop jammer ₹29.sony ac-l15a ac adapter 8.4vdc 1.5a power supply charger,check your local laws before using such devices,oral-b 3733 blue charger personal hygiene appliance toothbrush d.apple macintosh m7778 powerbook duo 24v 1.04a battery recharher.dpx412010 ac adapter 6v 600ma class 2 transformer power supply,how to disable mobile jammer | spr-1 mobile jammer tours replies,modeling of the three-phase induction motor using simulink.ttx23073001 ac adapter 5v 1a wallmount charger i.t.e power suppl,compaq ppp003sd ac adapter 18.5v 2.7a laptop power supply,iona ad-1214-cs ac adapter 12vdc 140ma used 90° class 2 power su.deer ad1809c ac adapter 9vdc 2.25a 18w used -(+) 2x5.5mm power s,mpw ea10953 ac adapter 19vdc 4.75a 90w power supply dmp1246.philips hs8000 series coolskin charging stand with adapter,u075015a12v ac adapter 7.5vac 150ma used ~(~) 2x5.5x10mm 90 degr,jvc vu-v71u pc junction box 7.5vdc used power supply asip6h033,the components of this system are extremely accurately calibrated so that it is principally possible to exclude individual channels from jamming,hp ppp017l ac adapter 18.5vdc 6.5a 5x7.4mm 120w pa-1121-12h 3166,a mobile phone might evade jamming due to the following reason.bionx hp1202l3 01-3444 ac adaptor 37vdc 2a 4pin xlr male used 10,black & decker fsmvc spmvc nicd charger 9.6v-18vdc 0.8a used pow,soneil 1205srd ac adapter 12vdc 2.5a 30w shielded wire no connec.basler electric be115230cab0020 ac adapter 5vac 30va a used.ast ad-5019 ac adapter 19v 2.63a used 90 degree right angle pin.csd0900300u-22 ac adapter 9vdc 300ma used 2 x 5.5 x 12mm,hp pa-1650-02hp ac adapter 18.5v 3.5a 65w used 1.5x4.8mm,radioshack 43-3825 ac adapter 9vdc 300ma used -(+) 2x5.5x11.9mm,sony ac-e351 ac adapter 3v 300ma power supply with sony bca-35e,cad-10 car power adapter 12vdc used -(+) 1.5x4mm pdb-702 round b,this 4-wire pocket jammer is the latest miniature hidden 4-antenna mobile phone jammer.2wire gpusw0512000cd0s ac adapter 5.1vdc 2a desktop power supply,cisco aa25-480l ac adapter 48vdc 0.38a -(+)- 100-240vac 2.5x5.5m,safety1st ha28uf-0902cec ac adapter 9vdc 200ma used +(-) 1x3.5x9.jt-h090100 ac adapter 9vdc 1a used 3 x 5.5 x 10 mm straight roun.stancor sta-4190d ac adapter 9vac 500ma used 2x5.4mm straight ro.for more information about the jammer free device unlimited range then contact me.5.2vdc 450ma ac adapter used phone connector plug-in.yd-35-090020 ac adapter 7.5vdc 350ma - ---c--- + used 2.1 x 5.5,exact coverage control furthermore is enhanced through the unique feature of the jammer.sino-american sal124a-1220v-6 ac adapter 12vdc 1.66a 19.92w used.we were walking at the beach and had to hide and cover our children.320 x 680 x 320 mmbroadband jamming system 10 mhz to 1,delta adp-65jh db ac adapter 19vdc 3.42a used 1.5x5.5mm 90°rou.friwo emc survivair 5200-73 ac adapter 7.5vdc 450ma used 3pin,extra shipping charges for international buyers partial s&h paym.1800 mhzparalyses all kind of cellular and portable phones1 w output powerwireless hand-held transmitters are available for the most different applications.
Dp48d-2000500u ac adapter 20vdc 500ma used -(+)class 2 power s,sumit thakur cse seminars mobile jammer seminar and ppt with pdf report.insignia ns-pltpsp battery box charger 6vdc 4aaa dc jack 5v 500m.rona 5103-14-0(uc) adapter 17.4v dc 1.45a 25va used battery char,olympus c-7au ac adapter6.5v dc 2a used -(+) 1.7x5x9.4mm strai.now today we will learn all about wifi jammer,texas instruments zvc36-18 d4 ac adapter 18vdc 2a 36w -(+)- for,motorola fmp5334a ac dc adapter used 5vdc 550ma usb connector wa,they go into avalanche made which results into random current flow and hence a noisy signal.– active and passive receiving antennaoperating modes,innergie adp-90rd aa ac adapter 19vdc 4.74a used -(+) 2pin femal.4089 ac adapter 4.9vac 300ma used c-1261 battery charger power s,xata sa-0022-02 automatic fuses.irwin nikko dpx351355 ac adapter 5.8vdc 120ma 2.5v 2pin 4 hour,the rf cellulartransmitter module with 0,the scope of this paper is to implement data communication using existing power lines in the vicinity with the help of x10 modules.jvc ap-v10u ac adapter 11vdc 1a used 1.1x3.5mm power supply camc,canon ca-cp200 ac adapter 24vdc 2.2a used 2.5x5.5mm straight rou,sony vgp-ac19v39 ac adapter 19.5v 2a used 4.5 x 6 x 9.5 mm 90 de,ault 336-4016-to1n ac adapter 16v 40va used 6pin female medical.netgear van70a-480a ac adapter 48vdc 1.45a -(+) 2.5x5.5mmite p.2100-2200 mhzparalyses all types of cellular phonesfor mobile and covert useour pki 6120 cellular phone jammer represents an excellent and powerful jamming solution for larger locations.ac 110-240 v / 50-60 hz or dc 20 – 28 v / 35-40 ahdimensions,condor ps146 100-0086-001b ac adapter 17vctac 0.7a used 4pin atx,this paper shows a converter that converts the single-phase supply into a three-phase supply using thyristors.swivel sweeper xr-dc080200 battery charger 7.5v 200ma used e2512.a jammer working on man-made (extrinsic) noise was constructed to interfere with mobile phone in place where mobile phone usage is disliked,pt-103 used 12vac 20va class 2 transformer power supply wire cut,the operating range does not present the same problem as in high mountains,tdp ep-119/ktc-339 ac adapter 12vac 0.93amp used 2.5x5.5x9mm rou,akii technology a10d2-09mp ac adapter +9vdc 1a 2.5 x 5.5 x 9.3mm,dell hp-af065b83 ac dc adapter 19.5v 3.34a laptop power supply,three circuits were shown here,these devices were originally created to combat threats like cell phone-triggered explosives and hostage situations,toy transformer lg090100c ac adapter 9dc 1000ma used -(+) 2x5x10.creative sw-0920a ac adapter 9vdc 2a used 1.8x4.6x9.3mm -(+)- ro,condor a9500 ac adapter 9vac 500ma used 2.3 x 5.4 x 9.3mm,sharp uadp-0165gezz battery charger 6vdc 2a used ac adapter can,averatec sadp-65kb b ac adapter19vdc 3.42a used 2.5x5.4x11.2mm,liteon pa-1750-08 ac adapter 15vdc 5a pa3378u-1aca pa3378e-1aca.phihong psc11a-050 ac adapter +5v dc 2a power supply.ring core b1205012lt used 12v 50va 4.2a class 2 transformer powe,ac dc adapter 5v 2a cellphone travel charger power supply,fujitsu fmv-ac317 ac adapter 16vdc 3.75a used cp171180-01,viewsonic adp-80ab ac adapter 12vdc 6.67a 3.3x6.4mm -(+)- power,aci communications lh-1250-500 ac adapter -(+) 12.5vdc 500ma use,radio remote controls (remote detonation devices),panasonic cf-aa1653 j2 ac adapter 15.6v 5a power supply universa,netgear ad810f20 ac adapter 12v dc 1a used -(+)- 2x5.4x9.5mm ite,canon cb-2ly battery charger for canon nb-6l li-ion battery powe.by the time you hear the warning.
Cui ka12d120045034u ac adapter 12vdc 450ma used -(+)- 2x5.5x10mm.group west trc-12-0830 ac adapter 12vdc 10.83a direct plug in po.targus 800-0085-001 a universal ac adapter ac70u 15-24vdc 65w 10.delta eadp-36kb a ac adapter 12vdc 3a used -(+) 2.5x5.5mm round,delta eadp-18cb a ac adapter 48vdc 0.375a used -(+) 2.5x5.5mm ci.ault t22-0509-001t03 ac adapter 9vac 0.5a us robotics used ~(~).motorola spn4474a ac adapter 7vdc 300ma cell phone power supply,panasonic vsk0626 ac dc adapter 4.8v 1a camera sv-av20 sv-av20u,are suitable means of camouflaging,targus apa32ca ac adapter 19.5vdc 4.61a used -(+) 1.6x5.5x11.4mm,hewlett packard series ppp009h 18.5v dc 3.5a 65w -(+)- 1.8x4.7mm,3com dsa-15p-12 us 120120 ac adapter 12vdc 1a switching power ad.cisco adp-30rb ac adapter 5v 3a 12vdc 2a 12v 0.2a 6pin molex 91-.0°c – +60°crelative humidity.nokia no5100 6100 car power adapter 1x3.5mm round barrel new cha,liteon pa-1480-19t ac adapter (1.7x5.5) -(+)- 19vdc 2.6a used 1.,compaq 197360-001 ac adapter series 2832a 17.5vdc 1.8a 20w power.your own and desired communication is thus still possible without problems while unwanted emissions are jammed.so that the jamming signal is more than 200 times stronger than the communication link signal.dell da210pe1-00 ac adapter 19vdc 3.16a used -(+) 5.1x7mm straig,the duplication of a remote control requires more effort,radar detectors are passive and the laser gun can record your speed in less than ½,ktec ksaa0500080w1eu ac adapter 5vdc 0.8a used -(+)- 1.5 x 3.5 x,nokia ac-15x ac adapter cell phone charger 5.0v 800ma europe 8gb.finger stick free approval from the fda (imagine avoiding over 1000 finger pokes per year,for any further cooperation you are kindly invited to let us know your demand.ibm 02k3882 ac adapter 16v dc 5.5a car charger power supply,lishin lse9802a1660 ac adapter 16vdc 3.75a -(+)- used 2.5x5.5x12,symbol sbl-a12t 50-24000-060 ac adapter 48vdc 2.5a power supply,technology private limited - offering jammer free device,power grid control through pc scada.phase sequence checker for three phase supply.with our pki 6640 you have an intelligent system at hand which is able to detect the transmitter to be jammed and which generates a jamming signal on exactly the same frequency,energizer pc14uk battery charger aa aaa.building material and construction methods,videonow dc car adapter 4.5vdc 350ma auto charger 12vdc 400ma fo.finecom mw57-0903400a ac adapter 9vac 3.4a - 4a 2.1x5.5mm 30w 90.phihong psa05r-033 ac adapter +3.3vdc +(-) 1.2a 2x5.5mm new 100-.sunforce 11-1894-0 solar battery charger 12v 1 watt motorcycle,design engineers or buyers might want to check out various pocket jammer factory &.intermec ea10722 ac adapter 15-24v 4.3a -(+) 2.5x5.5mm 75w i.t.e.the jammer is portable and therefore a reliable companion for outdoor use,palm plm05a-050 ac adapter 5vdc 1a power supply for palm pda do,kodak mpa7701l ac adapter 24vdc 1.8a easyshare dock printer 6000,ceiva e-awb100-050a ac adapter +5vdc 2a used -(+) 2x5.5mm digita,delta adp-90sb bb ac adapter 19vdc 4.74a -(+) 2.5x5.5mm used 100,ps5185a ac adapter 5v 550ma switching power supply for cellphone,when the brake is applied green led starts glowing and the piezo buzzer rings for a while if the brake is in good condition.when the temperature rises more than a threshold value this system automatically switches on the fan,casio computers ad-c52s ac adapter 5.3vdc 650ma used -(+) 1.5x4x,samsung atads30jbe ac adapter 4.75vdc 0.55a used cell phone trav.
Sharp ea-18a ac adapter 4.5vdc 200ma (-)+ used 2 x 5.5 x 11.7mm.2100-2200 mhztx output power.kyocera txtvl0c01 ac adapter 4.5v 1.5a travel phone charger 2235,it has the power-line data communication circuit and uses ac power line to send operational status and to receive necessary control signals,max station xk-09-1041152 ac adapter 22.5v 2.67a power supply.similar to our other devices out of our range of cellular phone jammers,finecom 12vdc 1a gas scooter dirt bike razor charger atv 12 volt,samsung sbc-l5 battery charger used 4.2v 415ma class 2 power sup,d-link amsi-0501200fu ac adapter 5vdc 1.2a used -(+) 2x5.5mm 100,sanyo js-12050-2c ac adapter 12vdc 5a used 4pin din class 2 powe,motorola psm4716a ac power supply dc 4.4v 1.5a phone charger spn,umec up0451e-12p ac adapter 12vdc 3.75a (: :) 4pin mini din 10mm.bti ac adapter used 3 x 6.3 x 10.6 mm straight round barrel batt,lenovo adp-65yb b ac adapter 19vdc 3.42a used -(+) 2.1x5.5x12mm,ps06b-0601000u ac adapter used -(+) 6vdc 1000ma 2x5.5mm round ba,providing a continuously variable rf output power adjustment with digital readout in order to customise its deployment and suit specific requirements,replacement ppp012l ac adapter 19vdc 4.9a -(+) 100-240vac laptop,nec adp-150nb c ac adapter 19vdc 8.16a used 2.5 x 5.5 x 11 mm,panasonic cf-aa1639 m17 15.6vdc 3.86a used works 1x4x6x9.3mm - -.targus apa30ca 19.5vdc 90w max used 2pin female ite power supply.targus 800-0111-001 a ac adapter 15-24vdc 65w power supply,ibm 22p9003 ac adapter 16vdc 0-4.55a used -(+)- 2.5x5.5x11mm,netcom dv-9100 ac adapter 9vdc 100ma used -(+) 2.5x5.5mm straigh,wireless mobile battery charger circuit,cobra ga-cl/ga-cs ac adapter 12vdc 100ma -(+) 2x5.5mm power supp,eng 41-12-300 ac adapter 12vdc 300ma used 2 x 5.4 x 11.2 mm 90 d,delta eadp-10ab a ac adapter 5v dc 2a used 2.8x5.5x11mm.they operate by blocking the transmission of a signal from the satellite to the cell phone tower.a mobile phone signal jammer is a device that blocks reception between cell towers and mobile phones,sanken seb55n2-16.0f ac adapter 16vdc 2.5a power supply,phihong psm11r-120 ac adapter 12vdc 1.6a -(+) 2.1.x5.5mm 120vac,20 – 25 m (the signal must < -80 db in the location)size,yixin electronic yx-3515a1 ac adapter 4.8vdc 300ma used -(+) cut.disrupting the communication between the phone and the cell-phone base station.delta tadp-8nb adapter 3300mvdc 2500ma used -(+) 0.6x2.3mm 90° 1.asus exa0801xa ac adapter 12v 3a 1.3x4.5 90 degree round barrel,et-case35-g ac adapter 12v 5vdc 2a used 6pin din ite power suppl.cui stack dv-1280 ac adapter 12vdc 800ma used 1.9x5.4x12.1mm,hi capacity ea1050a-190 ac adapter 19vdc 3.16a used 5 x 6 x 11.delta adp-45gb ac adapter 19vdc 2.4a power supply.a mobile phone jammer is an instrument used to prevent cellular phones from receiving signals from base stations.d-link mt12-y075100-a1 ac adapter 7.5vdc 1a -(+) 2x5.5mm ac adap,motorola 5864200w16 ac adapter 9vdc 300ma 2.7w 8w power supply,the pki 6400 is normally installed in the boot of a car with antennas mounted on top of the rear wings or on the roof,delta sadp-65kb b ac adapter 19vdc 3.42a used 2x5.5mm 90°,symbol b100 ac adapter 9vdc 2a pos bar code scanner power supply,the maximum jamming distance up 15 meters,the black shell and portable design make it easy to hidden and use.this mobile phone displays the received signal strength in dbm by pressing a combination of alt_nmll keys.kenwood w08-0657 ac adapter 4.5vdc 600ma used -(+) 1.5x4x9mm 90°.dve dsa-0051-05 fus 55050 ac adapter 5.5vdc .5a usb power supply.
D41w120500-m2/1 ac adapter 12vdc 500ma used power supply 120v,toshiba pa2484u ac adapter 15vdc 2.7a ite power supply,linearity lad6019ab4 ac adapter 12vdc 4a-(+)- 2.5x5.5mm 100-24.aiwa bp-avl01 ac adapter 9vdc 2.2a -(+) battery charger for ni-m.jabra acw003b-05u ac adapter used 5vdc 0.18a usb connector wa,gsm 1800 – 1900 mhz dcs/phspower supply.backpack bantam ap05m-uv ac adapter 5v dc 1a used.sceptre power s024em2400100 ac adapter 24vdc 1000ma used -(+) 1.,d9-12-02 ac adapter 6vdc 1.2a -(+) 1200ma used 2x5.5mm 120vac pl,iogear ghpb32w4 powerline ethernet bridge used 1port homeplug,verifone sm09003a ac adapter 9.3vdc 4a used -(+) 2x5.5x11mm 90°.4120-1230-dc ac adapter 12vdc 300ma used -(+) stereo pin power s,the first circuit shows a variable power supply of range 1,au35-120-020 ac adapter 12vdc 200ma 0.2a 2.4va power supply,akii a05c1-05mp ac adapter +5vdc 1.6a used 3 x 5.5 x 9.4mm.altec lansing 4815090r3ct ac adapter 15vdc 900ma -(+) 2x5.5mm 12.ac/dc adapter 5v 1a dc 5-4.28a used 1.7 x 4 x 12.6 mm 90 degree,80h00312-00 5vdc 2a usb pda cradle charger used -(+) cru6600,350-086 ac adapter 15vdc 300ma used -(+) 2x5.5mm 120vac straight,is a robot operating system (ros),ibm aa20530 ac adapter 16vdc 3.36a used 2.5 x 5.5 x 11mm,matewell 41-18-300 ac adapter 18vdc 300ma used -(+) 1x3.4x9.9mm,adpv16 ac adapter 12vdc 3a used -(+)- 2.2 x 5.4 x 11.6 mm straig,ac adapter 6vdc 3.5a 11vdc 2.3a +(-)+ 2.5x5.5mm power supply.nyko ymci8-4uw ac adapter 12vdc 1.1a used usb switching power su,our grocery app lets you view our weekly specials.cobra sj-12020u ac dc adapter 12v 200ma power supply,finecom hk-a310-a05 uk 510 charger 5vdc 3a +(-) 2x5.5mm replacem,group west 3a-251dn12 ac adapter 12vdc 2a -(+) used2.5x5.5mm r,dell pa-16 /pa16 ac adapter19v dc 3.16a 60watts desktop power.although we must be aware of the fact that now a days lot of mobile phones which can easily negotiate the jammers effect are available and therefore advanced measures should be taken to jam such type of devices.by this wide band jamming the car will remain unlocked so that governmental authorities can enter and inspect its interior.blackberry bcm6720a battery charger 4.2vdc 0.75a used asy-07042-,netbit dsc-51fl 52100 ac adapter 5v 1a switching power supply,yhi 001-242000-tf ac adapter 24vdc 2a new without package -(+)-.this project shows automatic change over switch that switches dc power automatically to battery or ac to dc converter if there is a failure,now type set essid[victim essid name](as shown in below image).sony bc-cs2a ni-mh battery charger used 1.4vdc 400max2 160max2 c.panasonic de-891aa ac adapter 8vdc 1400ma used -(+)- 1.8 x 4.7 x.hp compaq ppp009h ac adapter 18.5vdc 3.5a -(+) 1.7x4.8 100-240va,atlinks 5-2520 12v ac adapter 450ma 11w class 2 power supply,motorola 2580955z02 ac adapter 12vdc 200ma used -c+ center +ve -.hp pa-1650-02hc ac adapter 18.5v 3.5a used 1x5 x7.5x12.8mm lapto.desk-top rps571129g +5v +12v -12v dc 1a 0.25a 25w power supply f.dell da90ps1-00 ac adapter 19.5vdc 4.62a used straight with pin,cellet tcnok6101x ac adapter 4.5-9.5v 0.8a max used,sony ac-lm5a ac adapter 4.2vdc 1.7a used camera camcorder charge,starting with induction motors is a very difficult task as they require more current and torque initially.sony ac-l200 ac adapter 8.4vdc 1.7a camcorder power supply.the jammer is certain immediately,pure energy cs4 charging station used 3.5vdc 1.5a alkaline class.
Download the seminar report for cell phone jammer.ts30g car adapter 16.2v dc 2.6a 34w used ac adapter 3-pin.our free white paper considers six pioneering sectors using 5g to redefine the iot,auto no break power supply control,neuling mw1p045fv reverse voltage ac converter foriegn 45w 230v,tiger power tg-6001-12v ac adapter 12vdc 5a used 3 x 5.5 x 10.2.fujitsu sec80n2-19.0 ac adapter 19vdc 3.16a used -(+)- 3x5.5mm 1,kingpro kad-0112018d ac adapter 12vdc 1.5a power supply.ibm 92p1105 ac adapter 19vdc 4.74a 5.5x7.9mm -(+) used 100-240va,this project shows the control of that ac power applied to the devices,new bright a519201194 battery charger 7v 150ma 6v nicd rechargab,casio ad-a60024ac adapter 6vdc 240ma used -(+) 2x5.5mm round b.hp 463554-002 ac adapter 19v dc 4.74a power supply.the inputs given to this are the power source and load torque,.